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- Item/ISBN: 9781565913233
- Publisher: Hollym
- Year: 2011
- Cover: Softcover
- Pages: 160
- Language: English
- Class: Book
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Innumerable artists leave their home countries to carry out works and projects as they wander in various countries. They gain strengths in other places and create new art. Unlike nomads who simply had to wander to survive, or the diaspora who were forced to move due to ethnic or religious conflict, today's nomads are understood as cosmopolitans who live for change and creation.
Diaspora: Korean Nomadism is a brief study about international nomads, introducing those who contributed to the development of art in Korea by presenting Korean aesthetic sensibility and artistic creativity to the international world of art, and by introducing the diverse artistic activities they conducted overseas to Korea.
First, the author analyzes the essence of Nomadism and Diaspora, which are also the main topics of the book, using them as concepts to explain Korea's international exchange since modern times. In addition, he explains briefly how these two concepts appeared and developed in the contemporary history of Korea. Following a summary of concepts and history, he selects representative artists including Lee U- fan, Paik Nam June, Suh Do-ho, etc., to retrace their nomadic lives and art journeys and focus on revealing the characteristics of their art. Finally, he organizes the significance and importance of Korean nomadic artists around a few new concepts and concludes with a description of the unique nature and position of Korean artists. This book is a journey to their sweat, passion, and to the land of creation where they have been carving up.
02 About Nomadism and Diaspora
Nomadism refers to the act of denying existing values, stagnant values and philosophy, and searching for or creating something new. Diasporas do not discriminate among diverse elements but actively takes them in and creates new cultural fusions.
03 Nomadic Tendencies in 20th Century Art
Those who developed modernist art in the early 20th century were for the most part nomads. Today also, many artists leave their homelands, gain strengths in other places and create new art.
04 Diaspora of Korean Art
The history of Korean Diaspora can be divided into four periods and the beginning of dispersion from Korea is documented as the mid 1860s.
05 Modern History of Korean Art and Cultural Flexibility
Korean artists were able to have access to the culture and new arts from overseas directly and indirectly. It was starting from Ko Hui-dong, the first to study in Japan, that Korean artists learned art in Japan, which was westernized. They began their international wandering based mainly in Tokyo.
06 "Koreanness" and Global Culture
In the 1950s, artists Lee U-Fan, Lee Ung-no and Kim Whan-ki, relocated their bases of art activities overseas where they built up their careers and fame.
07 Paik Nam June: The Artist Who Chose Diaspora
Paik Nam June is the most internationally-renowned artist in the history of 20th-century Korean art and the founder of video art, which has become a key element in contemporary art history.
08 Neo Nomads
From the end of the '70s to the '80s, an "exceptional" phenomenon occurred in Korean contemporary art. Around this time, when Korean art consisted mostly of monochrome abstracts, a critical and participatory art movement (Minjung art) emerged.
09 Status and Possibilities of Korean Art in the Era of Globalization
Korean Artists are the mediators of culture and art. And the new nomads of Korea to emerge in the near future will no doubt be armed with technology, art and new ways of thinking.
• MFA in Painting, College of Fine Arts, Seoul National University
• Ph. D. in Art History, University of Freiburg, Germany
• Professor of Department of Culture and Liberal Art, Korea National Open University
Arts Council Korea (ARKO)
ARKO is a state funded‚ non profit organization. The main aim of the Council is to make the arts more central to the lives of the Korean citizens by supporting arts organizations and artists in and abroad through grant-giving services and programs.